The Satyam Saga

The Satyam Saga”, a Business Standard publication book, is an anthology of articles by journalists of Business Standard covering multiple facets of the Satyam Scandal, referred as biggest corporate scandal of India Inc. The book not only chronicles the turn of events in the Satyam Scandal but also covers other related areas like Corporate Governance, Multiplicity of Investigating Agencies, Regulatory Measures of Indian Inc etc.

The articles form a good ground for initiating discussions and debates on issues raised during the scandal like role of independent directors and auditors, business-politics nexus, principle agent theory and crisis management. The articles do not detail much on each of the above management topics and the readers should not expect to derive much detail on these topics as these are presented in a cursory manner.

The facts and quotes presented by the authors are not biased in nature. Book dedicates a few chapters to understand Ramalinga Raju’s mindset, though the articles are non-conclusive in nature. A few inferences about Ramalinga Raju’s attitude and business acumen are:

  1. Ramalinga Raju was an aggressive but media shy businessman one who wanted to jump to 1000 from 100 without talking about 200, 300 etc. This aggression might have led him to inflate the books to be among the Big 4 IT league of India.
  2. Ramalinga Raju played his cards close to the chest which precisely meant that the large section of the top management was unaware of the misdemeanours of the Satyam chief.
  3. As expected from a true entrepreneur he was good at networking skills as displayed by his closeness with Chandrashekhar Naidu, Y S Reddy, association with Bill Gates and APJ Abdul Kalam Azad which allegedly might have won him many business.

Book also presents details on Social Enterprise of Satyam like EMRI, HMRI and Satyam Foundation.  The reader would be awed at the doing good philosophy of Mr Raju which earned him great respect among his community and near-dears. The facts presented in the book drive the point that had the directors and auditors played their role responsibly the misdemeanour would have been unveiled ages ago. The book can be recommended to business and management book readers who want to get hang of events in Satyam Saga.


Harrowing Experiences with Online Travel Portals

With the increasing broadband penetration & increasing internet users in India, the Indian travel ecommerce industry has been burgeoning and has seen increasing number of players. Some of the leading players in the space are , (Leading players  are determined on the base of users clicks monitored by

I have been to many cities of India along with comes a lot of travelling. These travelling instances have worked as an eye opener to some of the business friendly and non-customer friendly strategies of Online Travel Portals. Some of the non-customer friendly experiences of mine with some of these travel portals I came across are presented in the blog.

>> Innovative but non-customer friendly pricing strategy (Travelocity): In order to understand the strategy, you need to perform a step wise detailed exercise presented below.

  1. Visit the website
  2. Now, query for domestic flights between any source airports to any destination airport. Make sure you set the following parameters before hitting the search now. One way trip and one adult.
  3. Observe the rates of each flight listed in the response to the search query.
  4. Now, perform the query for the same parameters except set Adult=2 passengers. Observe the rate of each flight listed in the response to the search query.

OBSERVATION: When parameter adult =2 is queried for, ticket rates are increased by some amount as compared to what they were for parameter adult=1 for the same flight. In my case presented in the images at the end of the blog, the rate of JetliteS20120 for a single passenger is INR 2961 whereas the rate of JetliteS20120 for two passenger is INR 3036 *2, which is an increment of INR 75 per passenger. However, in case of GO AIRLINES, the increment is INR 150. Incidentally, Travelocity was offering a discount of INR 150 per passenger while this exercise was performed by me.

>>Non Customer Friendly Service (MakeMytrip): I booked my bus ticket recently with The boarding point details mentioned in the attached ticket had several faults which are detailed below:

  1. The boarding point details do not contain any phone contact details, which in my case was easily found in but the MakeMyTrip team did not bother to punch the same in the issued ticket. Note if you don’t have the phone contact details, these boarding points are so small that they are not known to rickshaws/taxi drivers and hence not easy to reach.
  2. Adding to this, the boarding point in my case was not the exact point at which the bus reached. The exact boarding point was nearly 1 kilometre away from the mentioned one. If you are pressed for time, you may end up paying double the rent for taxi/rickshaw for the kilometre and in my case I had to pay INR 50 for the kilometre travelled.
  3. More infuriating was the passive behaviour of customer care of  MakemyTrip. A SOS call made by me when I was not able to find the exact boarding point was dropped abruptly by me post quoting the Trip ID. However, post the drop of the call there was no follow-up call by the customer care indicating the passiveness of the customer care.

>> Non Customer Friendly Service (Yatra): One of my air tickets to Chennai quoted a departure time twenty five minutes post the actual the departure time of the flight. A follow-up made by me with the customer care ended with the response that a change of less than half hour in the departure time of the flight is not communicated by customer care to the passenger and hence passenger is responsible for missing the flight. Please note in this case the flight timings for the concerned flight was changed nearly a month before the date of ticketing.

Internet is full of harrowing experiences with travel portals like mine. One of the experiences of a vivid blogger Kiruba which made it to a periodical is presented in this blog. These incidences are indicators of the fact that the present online portals can only boast of discounts and are low cost strategy oriented. The need to adopt a customer friendly and service oriented strategy has been put to back burner by the portals. Wake Up entrepreneurs there is a hole to plug.

Flight Query Result for one passenger - Travelocity
Flight Query Result for one passenger – Travelocity
Flight Query Results for Two Passengers - Travelocity
Flight Query Results for Two Passenger – Travelocity
Travel eCommerce Top Websites - ViziSense
Travel eCommerce Top Websites – ViziSense

Book Review – Creation of Wealth CSR Perspective

The book “Creation of Wealth” by “R.M Lala” gives a detailed account of Tata Group’s leadership in industrialization of India from 19th century to 21st century. The book is able to bring out the courage and the vision of the Tata Group visionaries. Readers would be amazed by the firsts TATA group has been able to accomplish for India as well as for the world. The author is able to bring out the vision of TATA’s effectively i.e.  “To build nation rather than to build industries”.

The blog targets majorly the Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives mentioned in the book and has been presented by me in the form of a presentation. The blog brings out initiatives like women employment, rural development programs, new industrial culture, employee welfare programs, learning initiatives, universal trusts etc initiated by TATA Group.

Some of the new industrial practices brought by TATA on to the table include:

  1. Eight Hour Work Culture
  2. Labor Management Consultative Councils
  3. Profit Sharing Scheme

Snapshots of CSR initiatives by TATA Group has been presented in the presentation attached. Hope you find the presentation informative and insightful.

Essar Steel’s Competitive Advantage in Hinterland of India

Essar's Competitive Cost Advantage

Essar's Competitive Cost Advantage

Most of my recent blogs are inspired by the debates and discussions in my class and consequentially this article also has its roots from my class’s current discussion on how Supply Chain Management can become a competitive advantage for its owner. Various famous supply chain examples like MC Donald’s Cold Chain, ITC Choupal etc found their presence in the discussion.

The discussion left out of one of the latest logistic management employed by Essar Steel in transporting iron ore which brought down the cost of transportation of iron ore from Rs 550 per tonne to Rs 80 per tonne. The project is implemented at a small tribal area named Kirandul (a small town mainly houses NMDC colony and is situated in southern parts of Chattisgarh) hence not surprisingly the project is much talked about.

The project connects Bailadilla mines in Kirandul to Vishakhapatnam (a city with a sea port) steel plant of Essar with a 267 km pipeline. Iron Ore mined at the mines of Bailadilla is first crushed into smaller sizes and then is converted into slurry using water. This slurry is then pumped from the mine end of the pipeline which is intermittently re-pumped at three different spots between Kirandul and Vishkhapatnam in order to maintain the flow of the slurry. The slurry received at the other end is fed to a dryer plant and the iron ore is received. The water removed from the slurry is pumped back from Vishkhapatnam to Kirandul via the pipeline which is reused for the pumping and slurry making purpose near the mines.

The project has provided a competitive cost advantage to Essar Steel against its competitors like Tata Steel which still continue to use the normal mode of transportation trucks. The project has made the sourcing of iron ore from Kirandul more viable for Essar Steel operating at about 300 km far from raw material source as against Weber’s theory which suggests to setup manufacturing units near source of raw material for which the  total transportation cost is high.

You can visit my collection of pics illustrating the competitive advantage of Essar Steel Click Here .Read more about the project Here

Marketing Myopia – The Cause of Low Innovation

A recent debate in the class was on the fact that majority of disruptive technologies are made by smaller companies than the bigger/blue chip companies. Incidentally the debate touched upon areas like Marketing Myopia, S-Curve dilemma OR Innovator’s dilemma and process versus agility. This article will web together all the above mentioned concepts and present my inference that marketing myopia is the underlying cause for process orientation and innovator’s dilemma and hence is the major reason for low innovation in the bigger organizations.

NOTE: Paragraphs in italics hence forth are intended as an explanation of concepts for readers non-acquainted with the concepts dealt in the article.

Marketing Myopia: Short sighted and inward looking approach to marketing that focuses on the needs of the firm instead of defining the firm and its products in terms of the customers’ needs and wants. Such self-centred firms fail to see and adjust to the rapid changes in their markets and, despite their previous eminence, falter, fall, and disappear.

Process Orientation & Innovation do not go together: Process Orientation is sometimes a resultant of Myopic View of companies.  Myopic Companies sometimes are so much in love with their products or services (Marketing Myopic Companies) that they design their process in and around for better performance of their product and loose sight of consumer needs especially latent needs which cannot be satisfied by the product in focus and hence we do not find path breaking innovations from these myopic companies. Their innovations are limited to processes and services around their current product only.


S-Curve Dilemma OR Innovators’ Dilemma: The curve is drawn between Growth Rate (Y Axis) and Time (X Axis) for innovations. Each S-Curve represents Growth Rate versus Time Graph for different innovations. It is observed and indicated in the graph after a period of time it is important for an organizations to move on to the newer innovations in order to reap a better ROI in the coming future. In the curve displayed, organization which has adopted innovation represented by Orange Curve should adopt newer innovation represented by Blue Curve. However larger organizations sometimes do not adopt newer innovations, this is called as S-Curve Dilemma or Innovator’s Dilemma.

Innovative companies also sometimes fall prey to marketing myopia. An innovative company which has put in lot of efforts to innovate a product/service and hence the organization’s image is based on that particular innovation would find it difficult to innovate a product/service which will make the earlier innovation non-useable (a disruptive innovation) i.e. becomes myopic with the earlier innovation. Therefore, these myopic companies sometimes either do not adopt or do not innovate newer disruptive technologies. For Example: Microsoft would not like to innovate a new platform which may put Windows into obsolesce as Microsoft’s image is based on Windows.

At the heart of low-innovation is excess of love with product (Marketing Myopia) which inturn causes Process Orientation and Innovator’s Dilemma and hence is termed as THE cause for low innovation in the article.

Indian IT’s Elixir

In this article, I will attempt to dissect the long term strategies adopted by Indian IT Industry and will try to connect the Practical Understanding of Strategy from the dissection with Strategy Lessons taught in the B-School class.

Some theory which will help you understand the article before I begin – A long sustainable growth is a product of long term sustainable strategy adopted  by the industry or the company. A sustainable strategy is one which is rare, unimitable or hard/costly to immitate. Strategy adopted by any player depends on its strengths & weakness and the opuurtinities and threats in the industry.

For a long time since inception of Indian IT Industry, Indian IT industry has banked on “Low Cost Strategy” for its growth. “Lost Cost” is not a sustainable strategy as it is not a rare and costly strength to immitate. Russia, China and Malaysia are upcoming low cost centers and pose a great threat to the Indian IT Industry. Hence, there is a need to identify new strategies for growth and some of the leading Indian IT Firms have done so. The strategy is “Product Differentiation”.

In a highly competitive industry like IT industry, firms put efforts to differentiate products and offerings. Big 4 definitely have put special efforts to differentiate products/offerings and to serve niche markets. FOR EXAMPLE : Infosys has strength in BFSI, Satyam is well know for ERP and WIPRO is renowned for telecommunication.

Some of these firms even went ahead and tied their earnings and revenues to non-perishable activities (Tying your revenue to non perishable assests is another strategy which I have learnt in the Strategy Class). Non perishable activity in case of IT industry is support and maintainence for their own products. Indian IT companies have now entered into product development. Once a product is deployed, the firm enjoys long term maintainence and support revenues. Some of the firms that have entered Product development are Infosys-Finacle; TCS-Bancs; iFlex-FlexCube.

In the pursuit of Product Differentiation, IT firms have now ventured into quality service offerings like IT consulting which is expected to grow at a CAGR of 40% till 2010, banking on good brand recognition they enjoy among the clients.  Wipro Technologies bought U.S. consulting firm NerveWire Inc, Infosys set up its U.S. consulting unit, Satyam lapped up a U.S. consulting firm, Bridge Strategy Group – These are the indicators of the huge potential that Indian IT firms have indentified in product differentiation.

Furthermore, Indian IT Industry are exploring oppurtunities in Domestic sector which is expected to grow at good rates. Supplimenting this is the ability of Indian IT firms to crack into outsourcing averse nations like Denmark, France etc via business offerings like Sub-Contracting, Consolidation and Partner Strategy.

In the view of all this, I believe Indian IT industry has matured and has the ability to adopt new strategies easily and early. Hence, I infer we will observe few more changes in the strategies of Indian  IT in the years to come.

India an OniomaniacPolitan of the World

Oniomaniacs are the ones who have an unrational sense of desire to buy and shop. India from the vantage point of retailers is yet to be developed into a paradise for veteran Oniomaniacs and novice Oniomaniacs. India having topped the GRDI (Global Retail Development Index) in the world is poised as a lucrative region for retail majors like Walmart and Carrafeur. With only 3% of the retail segment being organized the retailers have a huge scope of growth and wealth creation.

India offers them a huge population with increasing source of income, increasing standard of living and a population working in stressful culture. Malls provide an ambience which relieves stress and facilitates entertainment which ultimately ends up as intentional or unintentional shopping foray for the consumers. This is the reason you will find multiplexes, restaurants and play schools for children with shopping malls. Psychology of a customer is a major impetus/deterrent for shopping and has been the target of retailers.

With the advent of plastic money (credit cards) and growth of credit at 22% in India, our country is a green pasture for retailers. All the more both information technology and advertisement technology with huge penetration ability have played a vital role in burgeoning the ever expansive list of shoppers. According to IAMAI study, the market size of e-commerce was estimated to be Rs 7080 crores for the year 07/08 and the average rate of growth for the year 2007/08 was projected to be 30 per cent. 100% FDI in cash and trade will facilitate margins in retail pricing and will support schemes like season sales.

With such huge growth rate and factors yet to be unexplored, India will slowly transform into a haven for veteran Oniomaniacs and tyro shoppers. Far Fetched is not the fact that we will live with many more Oniomaniacs of our own country and Oniomaniacs from parts of world coming to India for shopping and will be tagged as “OniomaniacPolitan of the World“. Happy Shopping!!!